is not so accurate to other languages

Anomalies and Physiological Disorders and Diseases of PLANeT EARTH electric field.

Confusion from missed letter e.


Written by Rudolf Bosnjak September 2005

Which kind of Physiological Disorders and Diseases are present on the surface or inside PLANeT EARTH is?

Do you know answer to this question.

On this web pages I will try to compare and explain similarities between PLANeT EARTH and PLANT APPLE  and PEAR. This is so similar that nobody NOTICE.

I will start with apple, because apple is more similar to Earth that any other fruit.

jabuka_braec02.jpg (23780 bytes)

Carbon dioxide injury to apple. Truljenje i jabuci je uticaj nivoa CO2.

In other cultivars, cavitation sometimes occurs in the flesh of fruit which has been stored in abnormally low oxygen or elevated CO2 levels. Cavities are usually brown and somewhat dry. Susceptibility of fruit to this disorder may be related to climatic conditions during growth and maturation.


This is not PLANET EARTH, this is APPLE as negative colored image....




Brownheart disorder of apple.

Apple  which uniquely has both high soluble solids and high acidity. In addition, the flesh is unusually dense resulting in a very firm fruit. The disorder particular to this apple appears to develop somewhat sporadically on the tree, and generally cannot be detected at harvest until the fruit is cut. It appears as a dense, brown volume which may be small and localized or may fill the entire fruit. After storage, however, the internal browning may fill the cortex and may become visible to a sorter or consumer. Preliminary research indicates the disorder may be related to cool temperatures during the spring during cell division of the fruit--this causing problems in gas transport within the cortex.


I will start with tomato as example of mirroring images as gravity anomaly field of Earth are similar to TOMATO.

What is same on this two images. Same is entrance to the crater on tomato and gravity anomaly field of Earth.

GARLIC_BOTTOM _CRATER1.jpg (9968 bytes)GARLIC.jpg (12751 bytes)redonion.jpg (13591 bytes)

What is same between garlic and gravity anomaly field of Earth. Same is  entrance oppositeas to the crater on garlic.



Schiaparelli Basin layered-crater.jpg (103368 bytes) GARLIC_BOTTOM _CRATER.jpg (11616 bytes)

Similar to the GARLIC - ONION base.

WELDING_PRINCIPLES.jpg (66017 bytes)

VARENJE_OSNOVE_EARTH_SURFACE1.jpg (24538 bytes) VARENJE1.jpg (166113 bytes)

Welding examples on MARS surface.

Laser welding

Laser welding uses an intense energy beam as its heat source.  Laser welding is accomplished at very high speeds with low heat generation and little or no distortion.  Since no filler material is required, laser welds are less bulky and more precise.  Laser welds are also very repeatable because they eliminate the human error.  No physical material such as electrodes or contacts is needed to apply heat to the part.

With their well defined beams, lasers are excellent tools for welding thin materials, hermetic welds or in close proximity to heat-sensitive components.  Even hard to reach areas can be laser welded if a line-of-site exists.

Laser cylinder welding

All materials which are commonly welded can be easily laser welded.  In addition, difficult to join materials such as high carbon stainless steels and titanium may be successfully laser welded.  Lasers are also used to weld many dissimilar materials which may otherwise be incompatible.

MURITANIA_RICHAT_CRATER5.jpg (98037 bytes)

When remove welding electrode visible is PLANeT EARTH CRATER


Richat crater after removing ARC ELECTRODE, vision by Rudolf Bosnjak.

When remove welding electrode visible is PLANeT EARTH CRATER

The size of your molten pool. There is a natural tendency for most beginners to travel across the plate to fast. Slow down. Angle you electrode so that it leans some 25 forward in the direction you are traveling, to tip pointing back on to the molten pool If you keep that pool at a constant width and your arc length constant you must be moving along at a steady pace. By   concentrating your attention into this one small area and on these two points - arc length and weld pool size - you will be learning the fundamentals of steady, even progression - but you may be surprised at the snaking path you weaved in the process.



The modern manual metal-arc welding electrode combines a central current carrying "core wire", which acts also as the filler rod, and a flux covering which carries out a number of important functions:

1.   It provides a gaseous shield usually of hydrogen and/or carbon dioxide to exclude the air from the arc areas and so reduce the tendency to oxidation etc., of the molten metal.

2.   It produces a slag which assists in the protection of the molten metal and the dual function of scavenging the metal of unwanted impurities and mechanically molding it to a suitable contour in the positions and applications for which the electrode was designed.

3.   It provides a vehicle for adding alloying elements into the weld metal, over and above those elements normally available within the core wire. Thus, quite complicated alloy weld metals can be reproduced from a simple mild steel core wire. It also adds deoxidants to the molten pool.

4.   It can include arc stabilizing elements which permit smooth stable arcing characteristics, even on low voltage AC welding power, or other ingredients to increase arc penetration characteristics etc.

Most covered electrodes these days are designed for use on AC and incorporate special stabilising ingredients in the coating to ensure a steady arc. Some are still designed specifically for DC and used for special applications.

Modern electrodes can be classified into distinct groups based on the major constituents of the flux coating. Each group has its own particular characteristics which govern its usability in various positions and applications. All structural steel electrodes manufactured in Australia are classified under a Standard (AS 1553.1) which indicates by numbers and letters the specified minimum tensile strength, the flux coating type and usability in various positions and on various power sources.

The first two digits after the E (for electrode) are figures indicating 'both of the minimum nominal tensile strength in megapascals (MPa). The last two digits are also meaningful as a "group" and indicate the flux coating and other usability characteristics. All structural electrode packets must carry their classification coding and any two electrodes which carry the same coding can be expected to perform in a comparable manner although minor characteristics may vary. WIA "Austarc" electrodes use the last two "usability" digits as part of their trade name to indicate their general welding characteristics. e.g. Austarc 13S is one of our E4113 type electrodes.


The best methods are invariably the safest and in the long run the cheapest and easiest. Safety is usually a matter of applied common sense. Apply it. Arc welding uses electricity, produces molten metal, flying sparks and injurious rays and can, if not handled properly, give rise to electric shock, hot metal burns, ray burns, nausea and fire. Intelligently used, it is one of the safest of mechanical/electrical devices and certainly one of the most useful and widely used tools of trade.

Electric Shock

High voltage electricity is a dangerous killer and yet for most of us we have it at our finger tips many times a day in the switches at home and at work. It is safe because it is insulated by the switch, cable or the equipment.

The human body is a poor conductor and therefore will not readily pass current unless the voltage is high. From this point of view, 240 volts and over must be considered as highly dangerous, and all such equipment (power tools, welders, etc.) should be properly earthed. Long primary cables (from switch to machine) are undesirable where they can be cut or burnt, exposing high voltage wiring.

The arc welder is restricted in Australia to a maximum of 80 volts (open circuit) on the welding power side and at this voltage it may generally be considered as "safe". Dry gloves, dry Buckboards or heavy leather boots (not hobnailed) or preferably rubber shoes are effective additional barriers. Moist hands, wet floors and moist clothing all assist in breaking down body contact resistance and increasing the chance of shock. Remember, even a mild shock may cause a "start" which could precipitate an accident-like falling twenty feet from a hay shed!

The voltages employed for arc welding currents are not dangerous under normal circumstances, but should be treated with care.


The arc is a source of intense heat, producing molten metal in the fraction of a second. It is therefore a likely source of burns to hands, legs, etc., both by contact with the parts being welded or by molten spatter, slag, etc., lodging on the skin. It can also cause damage by lodging in folds of clothing, the hair, cuffs, etc. From this point of view, the user is advised to wear solid leather gloves, boots (rubber dairy boots are ideal) which come up under the trousers, long cuffless trousers or a boiler suit, clothing of slow burning material (long sleeves) and a cap.


The same problem of flying sparks and hot metal makes it mandatory to clear the area of sawdust, wood shavings, straw, lacquer thinners, petrol, paints, etc., and choose a sealed concrete floor rather than a gapped wooden floor as the regular welding bay. Similarly, use of an old 44-gallon petrol drum as a handy table or any containers of unknown contents is indefensible.


The arc gives off both ultra violet and infra red rays. The former can be particularly injurious, giving rise to an effect similar to severe sunburn. Never work in shorts or bare to the waist - ordinary clothing is adequate protection. Gloves protect the hands. Do not watch the arc with the naked eye. As far as the face and eyes are concerned, a proper hand screen or helmet with protective filter is essential. Use the correct shade filter lens for the current you are using (No. 11 is a good average). Keep these aspects in mind, particularly with regard to the interested bystander or children, dogs etc.


Most electrodes give rise to a degree of fume and smoke, which in general reaches a point of annoyance or murkiness in confined spaces before it becomes a health hazard. Welding, however, should always be conducted in well-ventilated conditions. Welding on galvanized iron can give rise to copious fumes, which cause temporary nausea if ventilation is inadequate and similar precautions should be taken with painted and other coated surfaces.

Finally, remember the people around and give warning before striking the arc, chipping slag, etc. The welder is recommended to always use safety spectacles when chipping, grinding or in other ways preparing or finishing a welded joint. Your eyesight is precious, and hot flying slag or a spark stream from a grinding wheel can be dangerous.

What was angle used of welding electrode to weld PLANeT EARTH and make CRATER...


Double-sided arc welding for deep penetration

Topic: Deep penetration for improving productivity, narrowing heat-affected zone, and reducing cost
Difficulty: Limited penetration capability associated with conventional arc welding processes
Approach: Concentrating welding arc by directing the current through the work and the second electrode

Sponsors: NSF, ONR SBIR, National Shipbuilding Research Program, Lincoln Electric, NASA Marshall Flight Center, Thermal Arc.



MURITANIA_CRATERS.jpg (23844 bytes)







Prava kopiranja .  Sva prava pridržana.  Rudolf Bošnjak. Bosna i Hercegovina.
.  All rights reserved.  Rudolf (Boschnjak) Bošnjak. Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Prava kopiranja .  Sva prava pridržana.  Rudolf Bošnjak. Copyright .  All rights reserved.  Rudolf (Boschnjak) Bosnjak.

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