Balkan Museum - Balkanski Muzej

I will present historical artifact find by myself on different sources
in area of former prehistoric area of Illyricum and present Balkan countries


According to the Iliad, the Trojan War was about the return of Helen, an Argive woman, to her legitimate husband, Menelaus, an Akhaian lord. However, be this as it may, the success of a Danaan onslaught on Trojan territory seems to have been due not so much to its enormous numerical supremacy, but, rather, to a Trojan front fraught with the weaknes of internal dissention: an elite Trojan political and social hegemony, of nordic ("Pelasgian") stock superimposed—over a lengthy period, perhaps several centuries—on a number of autochthonous tribes.

If Agamamenon is central to the story-line of the Iliad as overlord of the Danaan Expedition against the Trojan Nation, then, certainly, it was Odysseus who made the arrival and logistics of the Danaan Expedition possible by giving it an initial foothold on territories of his dominion, from whence, on the appointed day nine years later, a final naval assault (the Catalogue of Ships) on the Trojan mainland would be made. It was during this period that bards (or scholars) from Ithaka, situated in the shadow of Samos at the western end of Neriton, made short excursions down to the beaches where the Danaans were camped, and mingling among them collected a detailed census which the Danaans did not know (nor had they any reason for knowing) would be used in the Catalogue of Ships.

It is at the time of the Trojan War (or better yet, at the time of the Fall of Troy, c. 1,200 BC) that the term "Illyrioi" comes into historical being as a collective name for a number of independent albeit closely related tribes of a common Slavic stock. Later Greek lore preserved the story that Illyrus was their eponymous ancestor, and that (according to one version) he was descended from Kadmos (and hence cognate with the Kadmeioi); thus, the Kephallenes of Neriton will have been the later Illyrian Plerai; also preserved was the anecdote that it was Odysseus who, among the many horrible things he did, assasinated the child Astyanax, born to Hector and Andromache and thus the first of a genuine Trojan stock and anathema to any idea of a new Illirian political order.

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