Balkan Museum - Balkanski Muzej
present historical artifact find by myself on different sources
in area of former prehistoric area of Illyricum and present Balkan countries
PLASMA SPHERES ON MARS PLANET
How this become a BALL from ancient mythology to cosmic plasma discharge we know today.
Martian "Blueberries" in the Lab. Plasma physicist uses electric arcs to replicate the mysterious spherules on the Red Planet.
On January 25, 2004, the Mars Rover "Opportunity" landed in a small crater on the Martian plain called Meridiani Planum. A few days later, Opportunity photographed a sight that could alter our ideas about the recent history of the solar system: Scattered around the walls of the crater were BB-sized spherules. Their blue-gray color set them apart from the reddish hue of the iron-rich Martian soil and suggested a name for them-blueberries.
The left half of the picture above shows these Martian blueberries at different magnifications. They are embedded in what appears to be fused layers of soil that are exposed on the margins of the crater. As Opportunity rolled further across the Martian landscape, it found a profusion of blueberries. Investigative team members speculated that countless numbers of the spherules lie embedded in the Martian soil. Over time, erosion has exposed large numbers of them and has left many lying on the surface.
After spectroscopic analysis, the Martian spherules were identified as "hematite concretions". Hematite is an iron-rich mineral and is the primary constituent of the soil surrounding the blueberries. Geologists surmised that they are Martian counterparts of terrestrial concretions, which are commonly believed to have formed through water-induced mineral leakage. But this only widens the mystery. Theories about the formative processes of concretions are little more than untested guesses. No geologist has seen a concretion being made or has made one in a laboratory-or has disproved a competing theory. (But geologists have shown that the more a guess is repeated, the more it's apt to be called a fact.)
For many years Electric Universe theorists have proposed that concretions be examined for evidence of formation through electric discharge. In our Picture of the Day for August 27, 2004, we call them Blueberries on Mars, we compared the Martian spherules to hematite concretions from Texas and "Moqui balls" from Utah. We gave several reasons for investigating the possible electrical origins of concretions, geodes, and other mysterious spherical geologic forms.
The conventional theories, we noted, are based exclusively on chemistry and mechanics. But there is another phenomenon that produces spheres-electric discharge. In the plasma lab, electric arcs create tiny spheres that are often hollow, such as the hematite concretions seen above. Electric discharge tends to produce spherical layering and a distinct equator and pole, because the electromagnetic force "squeezes" perpendicular to the current that creates it. These characteristics are also found in the "natural" spherules. The Moqui balls pictured here have both equatorial bulges and polar markings.
Rock-cutters recommend that you will get a better display from a geode if you first locate the equator and poles, then cut across the poles.
The plasma physicist CJ Ransom, of Vemasat Laboratories, had set up an experiment to test the electrical explanation of concretions and Martian blueberries. He obtained a quantity of hematite and blasted it with an electric arc. The results are seen in the right half of the image below.
The embedded spheres created by the arc appear to replicate many of the features of the blueberries on Mars. No other laboratory process has achieved a similar result. It should encourage further experiments using higher energies.
Dr. Ransom's experimental work has laid a foundation for a radical reassessment of planetary geology. If concretions can only be replicated by electric discharge, we can no longer view them-or the strata in which they appear-through the lens of prior theory.
In the matter at hand (hematite concretions), the direct evidence will be difficult to ignore. Dr C.J. Ransom's and Wallace Thornhill's paper on the laboratory-generated spherules will be presented at the national meeting of the American Physical Society, in Tampa Florida, April 17, 2005. The abstract is available as short text below.Here is just an abstract Submitted for the APR05 Meeting of The American Physical Society Plasma Generated Spherules C.J. RANSOM, WAL THORNHILL, Vemasat Research Institute | Z-pinch plasma simulations have been performed that indicate the production of spherules under certain experimental parameters. (A. L. Peratt, private communication) While performing experiments dealing with the impact of plasma discharges on various materials, we observed that spherules were created at the surface of some of the materials. For speci?c materials and conditions, spherules were always produced. Both individual spherules and joined spherules were created. The size and shapes were nearly identical to items found by the Mars rover, Opportunity, and called "blueberries." Sky & Telescope, June 2004, p. 20, among other sources indicated the blueberries were gray spherules composed of hematite. The experiments produced hematite spherules identical in appearance to those found on Mars. These experiments suggest how the newly discovered blueberries were formed on Mars while providing an explanation that does not depend on the presence of water. Aithor C.J. Ransom firstname.lastname@example.org Vemasat Research Institute
Blueberries and and Other Spherical Rocks
The Mars rover Opportunity discovered BB-sized spheres scattered all over Meridiana Planum, as seen in the above picture taken on Sol 19 of the rover's mission. They were nicknamed "blueberries" because of their grey-blue color and the way they are embedded in the Martian rocks "like blueberries in a muffin."
After spectroscopic analysis, the Martian blueberries were identified as hematite concretions. But knowing what they are called is not the same thing as understanding how they were made. Hematite concretions are one of several types of spherical rocks that are found on Earth but are not completely understood. In the center photo above, we see the Martian blueberries. Compare these with hematite concretions from Texas below (bottom right photo), and with Moqui balls from Utah (hematite spheres with sandstone cores, bottom left photo.)
Hematite concretions from Texas, USA.
spheres with sandstone cores.
Other spherical formations that are difficult to explain include geodes, thunder eggs, and concretions as large as ten feet in diameter like similar type of stone hematite ball in city of Vares, BiH and stone hematite ball Costarika and stone hematite ball Turkey .
One problem is explaining how a spherical rock forms in the first place. This problem is compounded by the fact that many of the spheres are layered or hollow or even contain a separate "nut" rattling around inside. Theories to explain the layered interiors include multiple episodes of mineralized water "leaking in" and "leaking out." This "leaky theory" is particularly hard to imagine in the case of the oil-filled geodes found in Illinois. Many are pressurized and squirt when the shell is cut.
The speculations about the formation of Moqui balls range from meteorite impacts to underground fires. One popular idea is that they began under an inland sea as unstable limonite. Under pressure, limonite forms a gel, which might be rolled into balls, trapping sand from the seafloor inside. Later, the limonite might be converted to stable hematite by heat and gases from volcanic venting.
Several characteristics must be addressed by any theory attempting to explain these round rocks: Most of them are clustered in zones, not randomly distributed. They are often common in one region of a particular rock formation, but absent in higher, lower, and adjacent regions of the same rock formation. In some deposits, it is obvious that there cannot have been spherical cavities while the flat surrounding sediments were being deposited. Nor could there have been spherical cavities while the sediments were being compressed into rock. Because concretions are found in the same zone, it is assumed that geodes began as concretions (or formed simultaneously with concretions.) So when did the concretions form? And why are they spherical? If they form in place from a liquid or plastic state, gravity would squash them into a dome shape. If they form while moving through a resistive medium, friction would change their shape. The forces that formed them must have been spherically symmetric. (This concern also makes one skeptical of the popular idea that hailstones, especially large ones that are spherical and radially layered, are formed in updrafts that blow the proto-stones into the cold tops of thunderheads.)
All these speculations are based on chemistry and mechanics. But there is another force that commonly produces spheres -- electric discharge. This is because the spherical focus of an electric pinch is much more powerful than gravity. In the plasma lab, tiny spheres produced by electric pinches are often hollow, like the hematite concretions seen above. Electric discharge tends to produce spherical layering and a distinct equator and pole, because the pinch "squeezes" perpendicular to the current that creates it. These characteristics are also found in the "natural" spheres. The Moqui balls pictured above have both equatorial bulges and polar markings. Rock-cutters recommend that you will get a better display from a geode if you first locate the equator and poles, then cut across the poles.
The layered crystalline look of a giant hailstone produced by a Midwestern thunderstorm (although very temporary) is also similar in form to the cauliflower-like shell and inward growing crystals of a geode.
Very little research has been done in the field of "plasma geology." But space probes since Explorers 1 and 3 in 1958 have shown us again and again that plasma plays an important role in space. We're beginning to imagine how it affects our solar system and the galaxy beyond. Perhaps the time has come to look back at our home planet and ask if plasma played an active role in Earth's geological history, too.
Domed Craters on Mars and Sarajevo Crater, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Large craters on Mars contain mysterious spherical domes. The objects bear a striking similarity to the spheres and craters in Dr. C.J. Ransom's electrical discharge experiments.
No body in the solar system will add more to our understanding of planetary history than the planet Mars. In recent years cameras aboard the Global Surveyor, the Mars Odyssey, and ESA's Mars Express have generated thousands of high resolution images of the Martian landscape. And for more than a year now two rovers on Mars, Opportunity and Spirit, have provided extraordinary close-up views of the surface as is visible on image below.
In recent Pictures of the Day we have suggested that many of the most profound surprises coming back from Mars-those producing the greatest strains on prior interpretations of Martian geology-are due to the failure of a theoretical perspective. Something is missing in standard analyses of Martian surface features.
The authors of this page are convinced that the most pressing need in planetary science is for experimental work on electrical scarring. It is essential that science explore electricity's power to sculpt a planet's surface. To underscore the explanatory potential of electric discharge we have noted the laboratory work of Dr. C.J. Ransom, who produced counterparts of the Martian "blueberries" through a simple experiment shown on images on this web site.
But this is only the first step in what must become a major commitment in the planetary sciences. Ransom's work has profound ramifications for the larger picture of Mars. One of the well-known features of electric discharge is its scalability-what occurs on a small scale also occurs on larger scales. And there is reason to believe that on Mars the little spherules imaged by the rover Opportunity have an analog at a much greater scale. Our orbiting cameras have found numerous craters with domes or spheres resting within them. All of the pictures of domed Martian craters in the upper picture above are taken from a single high resolution image http://ida.wr.usgs.gov/display/MGSC_1104/m15012/m1501228.imq.jpg by the Global Surveyor.
In simple appearance craters and "domes" look surprisingly similar to craters with embedded spheres in Dr. Ransom's experiment. In contrast to the rover blueberry images, the "domed craters" range in size from kilometers in diameter down to a hundred meters or less, with many indications of others just beyond the resolution of the cameras.
At the present time, Ransom's electrical discharge experiments have provided the only fact-based explanation for these anomalous formations. It is only reasonable, therefore, to ask if the "blueberries" and the domed craters were produced by the same electrical force, acting on widely different scales. We must also emphasize that, from the electric vantage point, the agent that created the domed craters would have left its signature in other ways as well. For this reason, we encourage the reader to access the full image at the URL given above, and to note the extraordinary features present in the same geologic neighborhood. We shall take up these contexts imminently.
The domed craters on Mars are another reason for planetary scientists to revisit issues of solar system history, including possibilities long excluded from scientific discussion.
On left image below is remaining and present state of domed crater as a part of Sarajevo city in Bosnia and Herzegovina without disappeared dome and on right image is crater on the surface of planet Mars, what is the same in both of them. There is one sharp corner at each of them at the top of each image. In inner circle is an SPHERICAL SHAPE OF SOMETHING... This shape disappear from crater in Sarajevo due to time lapse in long past, erosion, rain, ice and one peculiar event as crater walls are broken on opposite side and water or ice present in that crater flood present Sarajevo valley. Edges of this Sarajevo crater are still visible from satellite images. I do my research visiting many edges of this crater.
I do huge research on my own to try to explain this Sarajevo crater, connecting together many unknown things happened in Bosnia throughout the past. This pathway was as kind of spiral movement to finally come to discovery of this crater. What is the purpose of this crater?
My theory is: THIS ELECTRIC SPHERE WAS USED AS ENERGY LANDING SITE - IN SHAPE OF HIGHLY ELECTRIC FIELD AS SPHERICAL SPACE SHIP FULL OF INGREDIENTS. THIS SHAPE WAS RELEASED AND DISCHARGE VIA ELECTRIC CURRENT AND SPECIFIC FREQUENCY AND MODULATION AS FAST TRANSMITTING IMPLANTING METHOD. INSIDE OF THIS SPHERE WAS EMBEDDING SOME ALIEN OR OTHER SPECIES EGGS IN STILL UNKNOWN WAY. ALL THIS WAS LANDED-BROUGHT TOGETHER AT THE SURFACE OF PLANET EARTH TO STAY THERE AND DEVELOP IN NEW KIND OF HUMAN OR ANY OTHER RACE-SPECIES. I call this process implanting eggs in the surface of any kind. Planet skin-surface of any planet, human or animal skin.
I personally discover few of this CRATERS in area of Balkan peninsula where these humans are developed. One of this pure example is Kosovo shape and present people of Kosovo. They are remains of some of this landed population ships. They are so unique as an KIND and physical face shape. Read more about Kosovo crater shape here.
The same principle is used to implant eggs in human or animal skin with invisible high frequency plasma discharge in cold environment. For some reason must be cold temperature. We humans feel this as small or high level of electric-electrostatic discharge on our skin, like high voltage discharge. Nobody pay attention to that. Every time this electric discharge bring one more implant or more SOMEONE EEGs in human or animal skin, making small spheres which using human or animal skin as a source of heat, energy and food as is our blood, and when time come egg hatch.
What is interesting, every time when this happened electric-electrostatic discharge on our skin, to humans, we humans can fill like: someone touching our skin very, very gently. After that "touching" start to grow from the skin an very tin almost invisible hair, like any hair on our skin, but this is not hair, just looks like as hair. Mostly it is noticeable from humans. I can guess this is SPERMATOZOID TAIL or SOME KIND OF ANTENNA for communication purpose. This creature from this egg go out from our skin into air or go, penetrate in our or animal skin, in our body and become part of HUMAN BEHAVIORS...
This process is still in my research. I personally discover many eggs at the surface of my self and this trigger my research to discover many other people with so many implanted eggs in their skin. Every time this happened after electric electrostatic discharge on our skin, but his is not like electric discharge, that is kind of ELECTRIC or ELECTRONIC DISCHARGE AS FAST TRANSMITTING IMPLANTING METHOD still unknown as principle... From where some of this invisible electric discharge or invisible spermatozoid comes around our body and do what they do?
I personally remove some of this eggs from my skin and discover small ball as sphere filed with kind of unknown liquid inside. Still doing research to remove all this eggs. I am calling scientist and medical doctors to make they effort to more examine what is that.
Read here available data from my research about this huge crater my-Rudolf Bosnjak discovery in January 2004, near Sarajevo, BiH, click here.
Some images and articles are changed and are borrowed from from web site www.thunderbolts.info
PLASMA SFERAS INDEX
PAŽNJA SVIM KORISNICIMA OVOG MATERIJALA, SVE STO JE NAPISANO I SVI CRTEŽI SU COPYRIGHT
Copyright C 1952-2005. All rights reserved. Rudolf Bosnjak.